Why is Ahmedabad called Manchester of India?

Many people wonder why Ahmedabad is called Manchester of India ?. Ahmedabad is one of the most industrialized cities in India. Along with Mumbai, it is the most important trade center in western India. It used to be the capital of Gujarat, although it still boasts the seat of the Gujarat High Court. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River. Interestingly, Ahmedabad is only 30 km from Gandhinagar, the current capital of Gujarat. Ahmedabad is a major textile mill center in India. This article explains the reasons why Ahmedabad is named Manchester of India.

Why is Ahmedabad called Manchester of India - Reasons

Similarities Between Manchester and Ahmedabad

Manchester in England is known worldwide for its cotton textiles. The climate in Manchester is temperate, which is suitable for spinning cotton threads. The water of the Mersey River, on the banks of which Manchester lies, is also ideal for drying cotton threads. Likewise, the water of the Sabarmati River is good for drying cotton threads. The climatic conditions in and around Ahmedabad are ideal for growing and spinning cotton threads. Due to the presence of a large number of textile factories in Ahmedabad, the city is the preferred choice for companies trading in cotton textiles. Cotton is imported from Kandla port to Ahmedabad and the finished textile products are exported to many countries around the world.

Why is Ahmedabad Called Manchester of India

Easy availability of cotton and labor

The reason Ahmedabad has become a center for the manufacture of cotton textiles is because it is in a cotton region. This means that raw fiber cotton is always available to the textile mills here. Another reason for the flourishing textile trade is the easy availability of qualified and unskilled cheap labor from the surrounding regions. The money needed to set up textile factories was eventually raised by wealthy Gujarat businessmen. Ahmedabad is connected to all major cities in India. As a result, finished goods could be transported to all parts of the country and even abroad without any problems. With a good and continuous power supply, Ahmedabad's cotton textile industry soon grew to large proportions.

The first textile factory was founded 150 years ago

It was in 1861 that the first textile factory called Shahpur Mill was founded by Ranchhodlal in Ahmedabad. When this factory became a success, it inspired other business people and soon many more textile factories were established in Ahmedabad. At the turn of the century there were 33 textile factories in the city. Soon Ahmedabad was delivering cotton textiles to all parts of India. The name Manchester of India for Ahmedabad was first used by Kasturbhai Lalbhai and Ambalal Sarabhai, who were both leading industrialists in the country.

Ahmedabad is now the leading manufacturer of all types of cotton textiles. The denim fabrics made here are used by the top designer brands around the world. Textiles from Ahmedabad are very popular with clothing manufacturers all over the world due to their high quality.

Images courtesy of:

  1. Cotton field by Kimberly Vardeman ( CC BY 2.0 )

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