The main difference between Integrated Special Education and Inclusive Education is that Special Education is a separate education system that addresses the needs of children with disabilities outside of regular education, while Integrated Education and Inclusive Education take place in an environment where students with disabilities learn alongside Peers without a disability.
In special education, the service and support required for one student may differ from the requirements of another student. Special Education has an individual approach and focuses on giving students the resources they need to progress in education. The situation within the integrated classroom is very different as additional support is needed to make it easier for students to adapt to the regular curriculum . When it comes to inclusive education, that situation continues to change. Inclusive teaching generally accepts the different learning patterns of students and adapts to the unique and individual needs of each student.
Key areas covered
1. What special education is - definition, characteristics 2. What integrated education is - definition, characteristics 3. What inclusive education is - definition, characteristics 4. Similarities between special education Integrated education and inclusive education - overview of common characteristics 5. Difference between special education Integrated Education and Inclusive Education - Key Differences Comparison
Inclusive education, integrated education, special education, special educational needs
What is special education?
Special Education encompasses a variety of offerings in different settings using different methodologies to meet the needs of students with different skills that cannot be met in regular classrooms. As an alternative term for this approach, education professionals also use the term “special education”. This approach is based on the assumption that children with disabilities have special needs and need to learn in a different environment with other children with similar needs.
However, this does not mean that the children with special needs are placed separately in a special classroom around the clock. For example, some students spend most of their time in a general education classroom. They may only need special accommodations to study face-to-face with their peers in regular classrooms. Some may only spend a few hours in a resource room under the supervision of a specialist, while others may have to attend a different school that specializes in teaching children with learning disabilities. In short, a child's specific needs determine the type of instruction (curriculum, framework, etc.).
What is Integrated Education?
In short, pupils with special educational needs learn in an integrated classroom with their peers. However, pupils with disabilities are adequately supported by subject teachers in special needs education to adapt to the regular curriculum. There are also occasional special education programs in the general classrooms. In short, an integrated classroom employs both general and special needs teachers.
In the system of integrated education, pupils with special educational needs tend to acquire age-appropriate social skills by orienting themselves towards their general education peers. In addition, an integrated classroom creates a challenging environment for students with disabilities. As a result, these students learn to be more independent. The opportunity to participate in what non-disabled peers are doing would also have a positive impact on their self-esteem.
What is inclusive education?
Within the inclusive education system, all students with special needs and general education students receive the same benefits. In addition, it also includes a clear involvement. Compared to the special education system, inclusive education is not only aimed at students with special needs, but also at others. Therefore we see the inclusive approach as “education for all”.
Within this system, the students do not have to fit into the mainstream school. Instead, the school changes to meet everyone's needs. Therefore, it welcomes the different learning styles and speeds of the students. In addition, various techniques are used to cater to each student's needs. In addition, when compared to dedicated and integrated education systems, inclusion is far more advanced as it rejects barriers that hinder students and encourages all-inclusive participation.
Similarities Between Special Needs Integrated Education and Inclusive Education
- In practice, these education systems may be less effective in delivering the expected results. This is mainly due to the different learning styles and speeds between students with special needs and general education students.
- All three education systems aim to meet the needs of students with different abilities.
- Special education, integrated and inclusive lessons can take place in regular lessons.
Difference Between Integrated Special Education and Inclusive Education
Special education is an educational system that addresses the needs of children with disabilities outside of the mainstream education system. Integrated education is offered in the general classroom where students with special needs study with peers without disabilities. Inclusive education is a system in which all students with special educational needs and general education students receive the same benefits, welcome and change student diversity.
Within the special education system, the approach is more individually centered, with the form of teaching and the content being designed separately according to the needs of the individual pupils. However, in an integrated classroom, a student with special needs is expected to adapt to the general curriculum. More importantly, inclusive teaching should follow an “education for all” approach.
Level of challenge
Compared to special needs and inclusive education, integrated education is more challenging for students with special needs as they have to adapt to a general curriculum.
Integrated education and inclusive education take place in general education. However, special education can take place in the general classroom, in the resource room, or even in a technical school; the setting depends on the student's needs.
Integrated education and inclusive education help build confidence in students with special needs by giving them the opportunity to stay in the same classroom with their less disabled classmates. In contrast, students with special educational needs begin to adapt to a different culture in special education, which takes place in a separate setting. As a result, they may find it difficult to readjust and blend in with their families, peers, and communities.
The main difference between integrated special education and inclusive education is that the special education system takes an individual, student-centered approach, while integrated education seeks to encourage students with disabilities to be part of the larger group and an inclusive system of 'education - and for everyone ”approach. In addition, compared to special needs education, integrated education and inclusive education are more promising in strengthening the self-esteem and self-concept of students with special educational needs.