The main difference between special education and general education is that special education is a separate educational system geared towards the needs of children with disabilities, while general education is intended for physically or mentally less disabled, usually developing students.
Special education differs from general education in two main ways. It uses different teaching methods and techniques. In addition, it employs professionals with special skills such as subject teachers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, social workers, etc., who are different from regular general education class teachers.
Key areas covered
1. What is special education - definition, characteristics 2. What is general education - definition, characteristics 3. Similarities between special education and general education - overview of common characteristics 4. Difference between special education and general education - comparison of the most important differences
Education, general education, special education
What is special education
Special education programs are designed to address the needs of students who have been physically, mentally, emotionally, or socially retarded, causing their development to lag behind their peers. In other words, this educational system includes students with special needs, hence the name "special needs".
Special education teachers need to focus on individual students and design their lesson plans to meet the needs of each child. Their main role is to provide support and guidance to facilitate the participation of students with special needs. In addition, special education does not always take place in the traditional classroom. A special education teacher may need to work in a number of settings including the traditional classroom, outside the traditional classroom and in resource rooms, etc. Special Education needs to be able to work with students outside the traditional classroom. Different work environments make it possible to meet the different needs of a wider population of students with special needs.
Teaching techniques of special education
In contrast to the general education system, teachers in the special education system use different teaching techniques. These teaching strategies can either be modifications or adaptations. Placement is a rational and practical adaptation to teaching practice where the student learns the same content but in a more accessible format. A modification, on the other hand, adapts the teaching material to make it less complex. For example, in a modified special education system, students with special needs may need less information than regular students; they could get easier and shorter homework or homework compared to less disabled students. Likewise, students with special needs can be allowed to use a calculator while other students do not. In addition, even students who are slower to learn can be given extra time on assignments to help them understand the questions.
What is general education?
Regular education is the term often used to describe the educational experience of typically developing children - children who are less mentally, physically, emotionally, or socially emotionally disabled. Compared to the special education system, general education is geared towards meeting the needs of general education students as a whole. Therefore, an individual child-centered approach is not visible in the general education classroom.
Focusing on the general education teacher's responsibility, his / her primary role is to design, plan, coordinate, plan and evaluate the general curriculum and classroom outcomes in a safe and inclusive classroom environment. In short, they are responsible for developing, implementing and evaluating their general classroom students.
In addition, the students in the general education classrooms often receive full group lessons. Teaching methods include lectures, writing, discussions, group projects, case studies, and stand-alone student projects.
Similarities Between Special Education and General Education
- Both special and general education systems encompass educators, academic content, different teaching methods and a physical environment.
- In addition, both special and general education can take place in regular lessons.
- It is possible to find similarities in their scientific content.
Difference between special education and general education
Special needs education is an education system that is geared towards the needs of children with different abilities, while general education is offered for physically or mentally less disabled, typically developing students.
Teaching and learning environment
General classes are offered within the regular classroom, while special classes can be offered both inside and outside the regular classroom.
In contrast to a general education classroom, a special education classroom requires additional specialists with special skills such as subject teachers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, speech therapists, social workers, etc. in addition to the regular general education class teachers.
A special education classroom uses teaching strategies such as adaptations and modifications. This is not visible in the regular classroom, where all students follow the same curriculum and instructions.
In contrast to the general education system, an individual child-centered approach is implemented in the special education system
In short, the main difference between general education and special education is that general education encompasses the educational experience of typically developing, less disabled students, while the special education system addresses the needs of students who are mentally, physically, emotionally, or socially disabled which slows down their learning process. However, both education systems aim to provide students with adequate education that suits their different learning styles and speeds.
1. Ho, Fuk-chuen and Cici Sze-ching Lam. " Special Education and Integrated Education in Hong Kong ." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. 2. " General Education ". An overview | ScienceDirect Topics.
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