The main difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic is that the Paleolithic is marked by the lifestyle of the hunter-gatherers and the use of stone tools, while the Neolithic is marked by the domestication of animals and the development of agriculture.
Historians have divided human prehistory into three ages: Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. The Stone Age also has three main periods: the Paleolithic, the Mesolithic, and the Neolithic. We also call them Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic.
Key areas covered
1. What is Paleolithic - definition, characteristics 2. What is Neolithic - definition, characteristics 3. What is the difference between Paleolithic and Neolithic - comparison of the main differences
Paleolithic, Neolithic, Stone Age
What is Paleolithic?
The Paleolithic is roughly between 2.5 million years - 10,000 BC. Early humans were hunters and gatherers. They lived in caves or simple huts. During this period, people used basic stone and bone tools and rough stone implements to hunt wild animals such as deer, bison, and mammoths. They could cook their meat on fire. They also fished and collected fruits and nuts from the forest.
Historians have discovered arts and crafts left behind by the ancient people of the Paleolithic. These early humans made cave paintings from paints such as minerals, blood, bones, charcoal, etc. These paintings show human and animal figures as well as various characters. Ancient people were also able to carve small figures out of clay, bone, and stone.
The end of the Paleolithic is marked by the end of the last ice age, which led to the extinction of many large mammals, and drastic climate changes. The Paleolithic preceded the Mesolithic.
What is the Neolithic Age?
The Neolithic period is roughly between 8,000 BC. They also cultivated cereal grains and domesticated animals.
In addition, the ancient people in the Neolithic were far more technologically complex than the ancient people in the Paleolithic. They used hand axes and various tools to plow and till the land. There were also advances in construction and the arts. The people who lived during this period also had knowledge of skills such as pottery, weaving, and sewing.
Difference between Paleolithic and Neolithic
The Paleolithic is the first phase of the Stone Age, which is characterized by the way of life of the hunter-gatherers and the use of stone tools. In contrast, the Neolithic is the last phase of the Stone Age, marked by the domestication of animals, the development of agriculture, and the manufacture of pottery and textiles.
The Paleolithic is roughly between 2.5 million years - 10,000 BC. During the Neolithic period between approximately 8,000 BC. BC and 3,000 BC Chr. Lies
During the Paleolithic the ancient people were hunter-gatherers and had a mostly nomadic lifestyle, but in the Neolithic age people switched from the hunter-gatherer life to agriculture and food production and began a sedentary lifestyle.
The Paleolithic people hunted wild animals, fished, and picked fruits and berries, while the Neolithic people received food from agriculture and domesticated animals.
In the Paleolithic, people lived in caves, but in the Neolithic, people lived in huts, in permanent villages.
The Paleolithic people made simple tools out of stones and were able to make fire. The Neolithic people, on the other hand, made complex tools from various metals such as copper and bronze, built mud and brick houses and places of worship.
Arts and crafts
In addition, Paleolithic people created cave paintings, while Neolithic people created complex carvings, pottery, tombs, etc.
The Paleolithic is the first phase of the Stone Age, which is characterized by the way of life of the hunter-gatherers and the use of stone tools. In contrast, the Neolithic is the last phase of the Stone Age, marked by the domestication of animals, the development of agriculture, and the manufacture of pottery and textiles. Hence, this is the main difference between Paleolithic and Neolithic.
1. Kennedy, Lesley. "The Prehistoric Ages: How Humans Lived Before Written Records." History.com, A&E Television Networks, September 27, 2019, available here . 2. Violatti, Cristian. "Neolithic". Encyclopedia of Ancient History, Encyclopedia of Ancient History, Oct 10, 2020, available here .
1. “Glyptodon old drawing” By Heinrich Harder (1858-1935) - The Wonderful Paleo Art of Heinrich Harder (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia 2. “Diorama with trepanation in the Neolithic, England, 19 Wellcome L0058021” by Welcome Images. org (CC BY 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia