What is the difference between moral evil and natural evil?

The main difference between moral evil and natural evil is that moral evil refers to the willful evil acts of people such as murder and theft, while natural evil refers to natural disasters , disease, or genetic defects that lead to pain and suffering to lead.

Evil has different definitions in different religions. In all of these definitions, evil causes human suffering. We can divide evil into two broad categories, moral evil and natural evil. These are evil events or acts for which human or supernatural agents are responsible.

Key areas covered

1. What is moral evil - definition, characteristics, examples 2. What is natural evil - definition, characteristics, examples 3. Relationship between moral evil and natural evil - definition, characteristics, examples 4. Difference between moral evil and natural evil - comparison of key differences

key terms

Moral evil, natural evil

Difference Between Moral Evil and Natural Evil - Comparative Summary

What is moral evil?

Moral evil refers to the willful evil acts of people, such as murder and theft. As the name suggests, these acts are morally wrong. Murder, rape, theft, dishonesty, an act of injustice, and war are some examples of moral evil.

Compare moral evil and natural evil

Moral evil always has a human perpetrator and a victim or victim who is suffering. It is also important to note that a morally evil act can be carried out willfully or negligently. Both cases cause pain and suffering in the victims.

What is natural evil?

Natural evil refers to natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, tornadoes, droughts, and famines. It can also include fatal diseases and birth defects. In contrast to moral evil, natural evil has no perpetrators and only victims. Natural evil inflicts suffering on its victims without the good mitigating them. More importantly, natural evil is generally viewed as the result of natural processes. Additionally, here we identify the word "evil" from the perspective of the victims and those who see it as suffering.

In most religions, God or deities are held responsible for natural evil. In Christianity, for example, God is viewed as the ultimate creator and doer of natural evil since all natural objects and phenomena such as rain, snow, thunder, wind and stars are under God's command. In fact, in the Bible, natural evils such as floods, famines, and earthquakes are attributed to God.

Moral Evil vs. Natural Evil

However, the modern understanding of nature has raised the question of whether natural disasters such as floods and droughts are entirely natural or are made more difficult by collective action by humans. For example, global warming is a direct cause of many natural disasters that we have faced in the recent past. However, it is also important to note that after the Industrial Revolution, known as the starting point of global warming, people faced various natural disasters. In this day and age, human actions always tend to exacerbate the evil effects of natural disasters.

Relationship Between Moral Evil and Natural Evil

Both moral and natural evil can cause pain and suffering. Sometimes moral and natural evil can work together, and moral evil can combine natural evil. For example, when there is a drought and government policies can exacerbate food shortages for the poorest.

Difference Between Moral Evil and Natural Evil

definition

Moral evil refers to the willful evil acts of humans such as murder and theft, while natural evil refers to natural disasters, disease, or genetic defects that lead to pain and suffering.

example

Murder, rape, theft, dishonesty, injustice and war are some examples of moral evil, while earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, cyclones, tornadoes, droughts, famines, disease and birth defects are some examples of natural evil.

perpetrator

While moral evil has human perpetrators, natural evil does not. Furthermore, according to some religions, it is the divine forces that cause natural evil.

diploma

Moral evil refers to the willful evil acts of humans, such as murder and theft, while natural evil refers to natural disasters, diseases, or genetic defects that result in pain and suffering. While moral evil has human perpetrators, natural evil does not. So this is the main difference between moral evil and natural evil.

Reference:

1. " Moral Evil and Natural Suffering - The Problem of Evil and Suffering ." BBC News, BBC. 2. " Natural Evil ". Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation.

Image courtesy:

1. " Burglary-Crime-Theft-Criminals-Fear-2022162 " (CC0) via Pixabay2. “ Amazing natural disasters ” No way - disasters (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.