What is the difference between monophonic polyphony and homophony?

The main difference between monophony, polyphony, and homophony is that monophony refers to music with a single melody line and polyphony refers to music with two or more simultaneous melody lines, while homophony refers to music where the main melodic line is from an additional line of music is supported (S).

Musical texture refers to the combination of melodies , harmonies , rhythms , shape, tempo, and timbre in a composition . In addition, there are three types of monophony, polyphony and homophony.

Key areas covered

1. What is monophony - definition, functions 2. What is polyphony - definition, functions 3. What is homophony - definition, functions 4. Difference between monophony polyphony and homophony - comparison of the main differences

key terms

Homophony, monophony, polyphony Difference Between Monophonic Polyphony and Homophony - Comparative Summary

What is monophony?

In musicology, monophony refers to the simplest musical textures. It consists of a tune or melody sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument with no accompanying harmony or chords. Most traditional songs as well as folk songs are examples of monophony. In addition, we consider a melody monophonic when a group of singers sings the same melody together on exactly the same pitch; when the same melody notes are duplicated in the octave - for example when men and women sing together.

Compare monophony, polyphony and homophony

Figure 1: "Pop Goes the Weasel" is monophonic (when played without chord accompaniment)

If two or more instruments play an entire melody or sing a choral melody with a fixed interval (e.g. perfect fifth), we call this monophony. In addition, we can describe the musical texture of a musical by evaluating various components such as accompaniment parts or polyphonic melody lines.

What is polyphony?

Polyphony is a musical texture made up of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody. This is in contrast to monophony, which consists of just one voice, or a dominant melodic voice that is accompanied by chords. In addition, in Western music tradition, we usually use the term polyphony to refer to music of the late Middle Ages and Renaissance.

Monophony vs polyphony vs homophony

Figure 2: Example of polyphony - a measure from JS Bach's "Fugue No. 17 in A-flat"

In addition, polyphony is typically associated with counterpoint, which involves a combination of different melodic lines. In polyphony, two or more simultaneous melody lines are considered independent even though they are related.

What is homophony?

Homophony is a musical texture with multiple parts in which one melody predominates and others are either simple chords or elaborate accompaniment patterns. In Haydn's Symphony No. 94, for example, the violins carry the melody while the lower strings underline it with a bass line and chords. In addition, the homophonic texture is a very common texture in western music. Since the homophonic texture is widespread, there are many different sub-types.

Monophony vs Polyphony vs Homophony - Key Differences

Figure 3: Homophony in Tallis' "If Ye Love Me"

Homorhythmic texture and melody-dominated texture are the two main subspecies of homophonic texture. Homorhythmic texture occurs when all parts of the melody and harmonies have the exact same rhythm. This is also a kind of block chord texture. Melody-dominated texture, on the other hand, refers to other types of homophony that are not block chords.

Difference between monophonic polyphony and homophony

definition

Monophony refers to the simplest musical texture and consists of a melody or tune sung by a single singer or played by a single instrument with no accompanying harmony or chords. Polyphony is a musical texture made up of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, while homophony is a musical texture with multiple parts in which one melody predominates and others are either simple chords or sophisticated accompaniment patterns.

nature

Monophony refers to music with a single melody line and polyphony refers to music with two or more simultaneous melody lines, while homophony refers to music in which the main melodic line is supported by additional music line (s).

diploma

The main difference between monophony, polyphony, and homophony is that monophony refers to music with a single melody line and polyphony refers to music with two or more simultaneous melody lines, while homophony refers to music where the main melodic line is supported by additional lines of music will (s).

Reference:

1. " Homophony ." Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, July 21, 2021. 2. “ What is monophony, polyphony, homophony, monody, etc.? “Mittelalter.org. 3. " Polyphony ". Encyclopdia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Image courtesy:

1. " Pop Goes the Weasel updated " By Grímsvötn - Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “ BachFugueBar ” by Memoryboy - own work, Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. “ If you love me ” By user: A3A3A3A - (CC BY 2.5) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.