What is the difference between cashmere and pashmina?

The main difference between cashmere and pashmina is that pashmina is very fine and softer than cashmere .

While most people assume that there is no difference between cashmere and pashmina, there are some subtle differences between them. It is not wrong to say that pashmina is a type of cashmere. In general, pashmina is considered a higher quality cashmere.

Key areas covered

1. What is cashmere - definition, characteristics 2. What is pashmina - definition, characteristics 3. Difference between cashmere and pashmina - comparison of the main differences

key terms

Cashmere, pashmina Difference Between Cashmere and Pashmina - Comparative Summary

What is cashmere

Cashmere is a fine and soft wool that is used to make yarn , textiles and clothing. The name Kashmir comes from the Anglicization of Kashmir, a region of India. We mainly associate cashmere with cashmere scarves, which came from colonial India to the western world in the 19th century. Cashmere is one of the most popular and luxurious fibers in the world today. It is especially used in the manufacture of scarves and sweaters.

Difference Between Cashmere and Pashmina

In contrast to other types of wool, which are mainly obtained from sheep, cashmere is made from the hair of goats, more precisely from Himalayan goats. There are different breeds of Himalayan goats such as the Changthangi goat from the Changthang plateau of the Ladakh region, the Chegu goat from Himachal Pradesh, the Malra breed from the Kargil region and Chyangara from Nepal. The wool is collected in the spring when these goats lose their undercoat. The wool goes through many steps like separating, cleaning, combining and reaching before it is prepared for its final use - cashmere. In addition, cashmere wool is stronger, finer, lighter and three times more insulating than sheep's wool.

What is pashmina

Pashmina is another type of very fine, soft wool made from the hair of Himalayan goats. However, not all pashmina is created equal. In fact, we can say that pashmina is a type or quality of cashmere. They are made from a specific breed of Himalayan goats called Changthangi goats, which are native to the Ladakh plateau in India. Since the winter is severe in this region, the goats grow delicate and exceptionally warm wool as an undercoat.

Key difference - cashmere vs. pashmina

Pashmina is softer and finer than other cashmere wool. Indeed, we can say that it is the finest quality cashmere. However, only a person skilled in the art can determine this difference in texture. The pashmina fiber is around 10-15 micrometers in size. Because of the thin texture, it is necessary to hand-spin and manually weave the wool to make beautiful shawls, shawls and wraps.

Difference Between Cashmere and Pashmina

definition

Cashmere is a fine and soft wool used to make yarn, textiles, and clothing, while pashmina is another type of very fine, soft wool made from Changthangi goats.

Goat species

Cashmere is made from different types of Himalayan goats, while pashmina is made from a specific type of Himalayan goats.

texture

Pashmina has a very fine and soft texture. Although cashmere is also soft and fine in texture, an expert may find it roughly in texture compared to pashmina.

Diameter of wool

In addition, cashmere is between 16 and 19 micrometers in diameter, while pashmina is between 10 and 16 micrometers in diameter.

Availability

Cashmere is more common than pashmina. Pashmina is more difficult to come by because it comes from a specific type of goat that was obtained during a certain period of time.

preparation

Because pashmina has a very thin texture, it is difficult to weave. Cashmere, on the other hand, is comparatively easy to spin.

diploma

The main difference between cashmere and pashmina is their texture. Pashmina has a very fine and soft texture. Although cashmere is also soft and fine in texture, an expert may find it roughly in texture compared to pashmina.

Reference:

1. Floyd, Charlie. “We visited a cashmere factory that makes sweaters valued at $ 500 to find out what makes the material so expensive.” Business Insider , March 11, 2019, available here .

Image courtesy:

1. "4547065" (CC0) via Pixabay 2. "549191" (CC0) via Pxhere

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.