What is the difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy?

The main difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy is that in an absolute monarchy the monarch has absolute control and power, while in a constitutional monarchy the monarch's power is limited by the constitution.

Monarchy is a form of government in which a single person acts as the head of state. Absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy are forms of monarchy that are very different from one another.

Key areas covered

1. What is an absolute monarchy - definition, characteristics 2. What is a constitutional monarchy - definition, characteristics 3. Difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy - comparison of the most important differences

key terms

Absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, monarchy

Difference Between Absolute Monarchy and Constitutional Monarchy - Comparative Summary

What is absolute monarchy?

An absolute monarchy is a form of government in which one person, typically a king or queen, has absolute power. We call this ruler a monarch. The monarch had absolute control over the entire country. In an absolute monarchy, the monarch's actions are not restricted by written laws or customs. Your power is unlimited. Hence the monarch is the highest and most powerful authority in the country. Absolute monarchy was a form of government popular in Central Europe and up until the 18th century. At that time also a common system of feudalism strengthened the absolute monarchy on.

Difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy

The main characteristics of an absolute monarchy are hereditary rules and the divine right of kings. A monarch becomes a ruler through the family. That is, he or she is given this position because they were born as a royal heir in the royal family. Furthermore, the divine right of kings refers to the medieval belief of Europeans that kings received their power from God. This belief further strengthened the monarch as it ensured that people had no control over the monarch's rule.

Although this system is no longer present in Europe, it still exists in some modern countries such as the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Nation of Brunei, the abode of peace.

What is constitutional monarchy?

A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a country is ruled by a monarch whose power is restricted by a constitution. In other words, the monarch acts as the head of state under the constitution (a written or unwritten constitution). Hence the monarch is a purely ceremonial ruler or de facto a head of state. In addition, the constitutional monarchy is the opposite of the absolute monarchy.

Difference - absolute monarchy vs. constitutional monarchy

Constitutional monarchies of the world

A constitutional monarchy typically has a constitutionally organized government such as a parliament that shares power with the monarch. In fact, parliament or some other legislative body has real governance in the country. In addition, this legislative body is headed by a prime minister. Hence, the monarch acts as a symbolic ruler while the prime minister and government actually run the country. In addition, Great Britain, Japan, Canada, Sweden, Belgium, Cambodia, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Jordan, and Thailand are examples of constitutional monarchies.

Difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy

definition

An absolute monarchy is a form of government in which a person, typically a king or queen, has absolute power, while a constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a country is ruled by a monarch whose power is restricted by a constitution.

monarch

In an absolute monarchy, the monarch is the highest and most powerful authority in the country, but in a constitutional monarchy the monarch is a purely ceremonial ruler or, in fact, a head of state.

authority

In an absolute monarchy the monarch has unlimited power and authority, while in a constitutional monarchy the monarch shares power with parliament or another legislative body.

Examples

The Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are modern countries with absolute monarchies, while Great Britain, Japan, Canada, Sweden, Belgium, Cambodia, the Netherlands, and Thailand are examples of countries with constitutional monarchy.

Reference:

1. Longley, Robert. “What is a constitutional monarchy? Definition and Examples. ”ThoughtCo, Available here . 2. "Absolute Monarchy". History Crunch, available here .

Image courtesy:

1. "4170376" (CC0) via Pixabay 2. "Form of government of the constitutional monarchy" By The_Tom - own work, from the existing Wikimedia blank world map, simplified version of Image: Form of Government.png (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.