What is the difference between Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment?

The main difference between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment is that the Scientific Revolution is based on scientific discoveries in chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics, and astronomy , while the Enlightenment is based on the concept that reason is the main source of authority and legitimacy.

Scientific Revolution refers to the drastic changes in scientific thinking that took place in the early modern period that laid the foundation for the Age of Enlightenment. Enlightenment is an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Key areas covered

1. What is Scientific Revolution - Definition, Features 2. What is Enlightenment - Definition, Features 3. Difference Between Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment - Comparison of Main Differences

key terms

Enlightenment, scientific revolution Difference Between Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment - Comparative Summary

What is scientific revolution

Scientific revolution refers to the drastic changes in scientific thinking that took place during the early modern period. During this time, developments in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and astronomy changed society's views of the world around us. Hence, we can also describe the scientific revolution as the emergence of modern science. This revolution began towards the end of the Renaissance in Europe. The publication of De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (English meaning: About the revolutions of the heavenly spheres ) by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543 is considered to be the beginning of the scientific revolution.

Compare Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

Figure 1: Manuscript of De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

The scientific revolution saw a major shift in medieval ideas about science. This change happened due to the collaboration between scholars from different fields (scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, etc.

Below are some new ideas that have been considered revolutionary in various fields of study:

Discovery and study of magnetism and electricity

The invention of tools such as refraction and mirror telescopes, steam cooker vacuum pumps, mercury barometers and mechanical pocket calculators

Study of human anatomy based on the dissection of human corpses

In addition, the scientific revolution laid the foundation for the Age of Enlightenment.

What is enlightenment

Enlightenment is an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was based on the idea that reason is the main source of authority and legitimacy. Some cite the publication of René Descartes' Philosophy by Cogito, ergo sum, of 1637 as the beginning of the Enlightenment, while others cite the publication of Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica in 1687. In addition, this movement promoted ideals such as freedom, brotherhood, progress, tolerance, constitutional government, and separation of church and state. Hence, we can call modern concepts like democracy , secularism and human rights a product of the Age of Enlightenment.

Scientific Revolution vs. Enlightenment

Figure 2: Thinkers in the Age of Enlightenment

In addition, the Enlightenment spawned various books, essays, laws, inventions, wars, and revolutions. In fact, the French and American revolutions were directly inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment. In addition, Enlightenment eventually gave way to 19th century romance.

Difference Between Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

definition

Scientific Revolution refers to the drastic changes in scientific thinking that took place during the early modern period, while the Enlightenment is an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.

area

In addition, the Scientific Revolution includes scientific advances in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and astronomy, while the Enlightenment is an intellectual and philosophical movement.

Timeline

The scientific revolution preceded the Age of Enlightenment.

diploma

The main difference between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment is that the Scientific Revolution is based on scientific discoveries in the fields of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and astronomy, while the Enlightenment is an intellectual and philosophical movement based on the idea that reason the main source is of authority and legitimacy.

Reference:

1. " The Scientific Revolution ". Lumen - world history without borders. 2. " Enlightenment ". History.com, A&E Television Networks, December 16, 2009.

Image courtesy:

1. “ Enlightenment ” by Snow Minister - Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “ De revolutionibus orbium coelestium ” By Nicolaus Copernicus (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.