What is the difference between federation and union?

The main difference between federation and union is that federations are usually larger than political unions.

A federation is a group of countries, regions, organizations, etc. that come together to form a larger organization or government . A political union is a political unit made up of two or more separate entities, e.g. B. States .

Key areas covered

1. What is a federation - definition, characteristics 2. What is a union - definition, characteristics 3. Similarities between federation and union - overview of common characteristics 4. Difference between federation and union - comparison of main differences

key terms

Federation, Union

Difference Between Federation and Union - Comparative Summary

What is a Federation?

The basic definition of a federation is a group of countries, regions, organizations, etc. that come together to form a larger organization or government. In the context of politics, a federation or a federal state is a political unit that is formed by partially self-governing provinces, states or other regions under a central federal government. In general, states or countries with large territories with many provinces and regions follow the concept of federation. Countries like Russia, Canada, the United States, China, and Australia are examples of federations.

Federation vs. Union

Figure 1: Federal states (green) and unitary states (blue)

In a federation, sovereign power is formally divided between the central authority and other subregions. This division helps constitutional regions maintain control over their internal and external affairs. Furthermore, this self-government of the states and the separation of powers between central government and states cannot be changed by a unilateral decision of one of the parties. This structuring takes place according to a recognized written constitution , which takes common interests, common goals, etc. into account, in order to avoid and reduce differences between states and to encourage them to stand up as one state for a common goal. In addition, all members of a federation should always respect the authority of the central government, particularly in matters of defense, the military, security, foreign policy, international relations and diplomacy, and in economic matters.

What is a union?

A union simply refers to the act of joining. In a political context, a union is a political unit made up of two or more separate entities, such as states. A political union is also known as a country union or legislative union. Also, a union includes a common government, but no state has more power than the other. In a political union, the individual constituent units can delegate powers, but they are subordinate to a central government. In addition, the outside world recognizes this union as a separate political entity. We can categorize unions into different classifications, such as: B. incorporation unions, federal unions, incorporation, federal incorporation or mixed unions. There are also supranational and continental unions that promote integration between different nations; B. the European Union, ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) etc.

Similarities Between Federation and Union

  • Associations and trade unions are both political entities.
  • Both consist of a central government and a number of states.

Difference Between Federation and Union

definition

A federation is a group of countries, regions, organizations, etc. that come together to form a larger organization or government. A political union is a political unit made up of two or more separate entities such as states.

size

Federations are usually larger than political unions.

diploma

In short, a federation is a group of countries, regions, organizations, etc. that come together to form a larger organization or government. A political union is a political unit made up of two or more separate entities, e.g. B. States. The main difference between federation and union is that federations are usually larger than political unions.

Reference:

1. " Federation ". Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, August 11, 2021. 2. “ Political Union ”. Feel Europe.

Image courtesy:

1. " Map of the unitary and federal states " By Lokal_Profil (CC BY-SA 2.5) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.