Difference Between Geology and Geography

Key difference - geology vs. geography

Geology and geography are two areas that study the earth from a scientific point of view. Geology is the study of the physical structure and substance of the earth, its history and the processes that affect it. Geography is the study of the physical properties of the earth and its atmosphere, and how human activities affect and are influenced by them, including the distribution of populations and resources, and political and economic activities. The main difference between geology and geography is that geology studies the structure and formation of the earth, while geography studies the topography of the earth.

What is geology

Geology is a geoscience that studies the physical structure and substance of the earth; it also examines the dynamic and physical history of the earth and the physical and biological processes that create and affect it. Plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, past climates are some of the most important areas studied in geography. It is mainly concerned with the physical properties of the earth.

Knowledge of geology becomes useful in assessing water resources, understanding environmental problems and natural hazards. Difference Between Geology and Geography

What is geography?

Geography is a scientific field that deals with the study of the land, its features, inhabitants, and the phenomena of the earth. It also examines areas such as population distribution, political and economic activities. Geography can be mainly divided into two branches called human geography and physical geography.

Physical geography essentially comprises areas such as landforms, weather, climate, topography, etc. It is a branch of the natural sciences that studies processes and patterns in the natural environment. Because this sub-area looks similar to geology, many tend to assume that both geology and geography refer to the same area. Human geographers study the connection between people and places, settlement patterns, economic patterns, ethnicity, population distribution, etc. Key difference - geology vs. geography

Difference Between Geology and Geography

definition

Geology is the study of the physical structure and substance of the earth, its history and the processes that affect it.

Geography is the study of the land, its characteristics, inhabitants and phenomena of the earth.

Earth

Geology studies the physical structure and substance of the earth, processes and the history of the earth.

Geography studies areas such as landforms, weather, climate, topography, etc.

persons

The geology mainly focuses on nature.

Geography focuses on both nature and humans.

Processes

Geology considers processes in nature.

Geography also looks at areas such as settlement patterns, economic patterns, ethnicity, population distribution, etc. Difference between geology and geography infographic

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“China” (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia

“Hoodoos in Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah” by Luca Galuzzi (CC BY-SA 2.5) via Commons Wikimedia

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