The main difference between fruits and vegetables is that fruit is the ripe ovary of higher plants, while vegetables are the edible parts of the plant such as stems, roots, leaves, tubers, bulbs, or even flower buds.
Fruits and vegetables are two edible parts of plants. Fruits can be vegetables, but not all vegetables are fruits. Most fruits contain seeds . But vegetables do not contain seeds. In addition, most of the fruits have a sweet taste.
Key areas covered
1. What is a fruit - definition, meaning, classification 2. What is a vegetable - definition, meaning, classification 3. What are the similarities between fruits and vegetables - outline of the similarities 4. What is the difference between fruits and vegetables - comparison the main differences
Key Terms: Edible Parts, Fruits, Nutrition, Seeds, Vegetables
What is a fruit
A fruit is a sweet, fleshy product from a plant that contains seeds. The ovary of a plant develops into a fruit after fertilization . Most fruits are edible. Therefore, fruits facilitate the spread of seeds, the sexual reproductive structures of plants. Fresh fruit is high in fiber, vitamin C, and water.
Classification of fruits
Fleshy, simple fruits
Banana, grapes, tomatoes
Dry dehiscid simple fruit
Peas, peanuts, beans
Dry, intehiscent simple fruit with a thin pericarp
Wheat, corn, rice, sunflower
Dry, intehiscent simple fruit with a hard pericarp
Hazelnut, beechnuts, acorn
Hips, strawberries, apples
Dry accessories fruit
What is a vegetable
A vegetable is a part of a plant that is used as food. Humans eat vegetables as part of their meals. Vegetables can include stems, roots, leaves, tubers, bulbs, or even flower buds. The term "vegetables" generally excludes fruits, nuts and grains. Vegetables provide fiber, vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
Classification of vegetables
Leaf, leaf sheath, shoots and stems
Collards, asparagus, ramps and celery
Root and tuber
Onions and garlic
Broccoli and cauliflower
Mung bean sprouts
Similarities Between Fruits and Vegetables
- Fruits and vegetables are edible parts of a plant.
- Both are low in fat, low in calories, and high in natural sugar and fiber.
- Plants are grown for both fruits and vegetables.
Difference between fruits and vegetables
Fruit: A sweet, fleshy, mature ovary of a plant that contains seeds
Vegetables: A part of a plant that is used as food
Fruit: contain seeds either inside or outside the fruit
Vegetables: Does not contain seeds
Fruit: have a sweet taste
Vegetables: Pronounced taste - can be sweet, salty, sore or bitter
Fruit: color can be red, orange, yellow, green, purple, blue or black
Vegetables: Mostly colored green
Fruit: Rich in fiber, vitamin C and water
Vegetables: Provides fiber, vitamins, minerals and trace elements
Fruit: Facilitate the sexual reproduction of plants by bearing seeds
Vegetables: Involved in vegetative reproduction
A fruit is the ripe ovary of a plant that contains seeds. A vegetable is an edible part of a plant. Both fruits and vegetables are high in fiber. Fruits also contain vitamin C and water. Vegetables are an important source of vitamins and other trace elements. The main difference between fruits and vegetables is the origin of each part of a plant.
1. "Culinary fruits front view" by No machine-readable author given. Ionutzmovie assumed-own work accepted (based on copyright claims) (CC BY 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia 2. “ Marketvegetables ” by Jasper Greek Golangco (copyrighted free use) via Commons Wikimedia