Difference between fruits and vegetables

The main difference between fruits and vegetables is that fruit is the ripe ovary of higher plants, while vegetables are the edible parts of the plant such as stems, roots, leaves, tubers, bulbs, or even flower buds.

Fruits and vegetables are two edible parts of plants. Fruits can be vegetables, but not all vegetables are fruits. Most fruits contain seeds . But vegetables do not contain seeds. In addition, most of the fruits have a sweet taste.

Key areas covered

1. What is a fruit - definition, meaning, classification 2. What is a vegetable - definition, meaning, classification 3. What are the similarities between fruits and vegetables - outline of the similarities 4. What is the difference between fruits and vegetables - comparison the main differences

Key Terms: Edible Parts, Fruits, Nutrition, Seeds, Vegetables

Difference Between Fruits and Vegetables - Comparative Summary

What is a fruit

A fruit is a sweet, fleshy product from a plant that contains seeds. The ovary of a plant develops into a fruit after fertilization . Most fruits are edible. Therefore, fruits facilitate the spread of seeds, the sexual reproductive structures of plants. Fresh fruit is high in fiber, vitamin C, and water.

Difference between fruits and vegetables

Figure 1: Fruits

Classification of fruits

Type

Examples

Fleshy, simple fruits

Banana, grapes, tomatoes

Dry dehiscid simple fruit

Peas, peanuts, beans

Dry, intehiscent simple fruit with a thin pericarp

Wheat, corn, rice, sunflower

Dry, intehiscent simple fruit with a hard pericarp

Hazelnut, beechnuts, acorn

Accessories fruits

Hips, strawberries, apples

Dry accessories fruit

Walnuts

Aggregate fruits

raspberry

Multiple fruits

Pineapple, mulberry

What is a vegetable

A vegetable is a part of a plant that is used as food. Humans eat vegetables as part of their meals. Vegetables can include stems, roots, leaves, tubers, bulbs, or even flower buds. The term "vegetables" generally excludes fruits, nuts and grains. Vegetables provide fiber, vitamins, minerals and trace elements.

Key difference - fruits vs. vegetables

Figure 2: Vegetables

Classification of vegetables

Type

Examples

Leaf, leaf sheath, shoots and stems

Collards, asparagus, ramps and celery

Root and tuber

Potato, carrot

Buds

Capers

light bulbs

Onions and garlic

Flower buds

Broccoli and cauliflower

Sprouts

Mung bean sprouts

fruit

Pumpkins, pumpkin

Seeds

Corn

Similarities Between Fruits and Vegetables

  • Fruits and vegetables are edible parts of a plant.
  • Both are low in fat, low in calories, and high in natural sugar and fiber.
  • Plants are grown for both fruits and vegetables.

Difference between fruits and vegetables

definition

Fruit: A sweet, fleshy, mature ovary of a plant that contains seeds

Vegetables: A part of a plant that is used as food

seed

Fruit: contain seeds either inside or outside the fruit

Vegetables: Does not contain seeds

taste

Fruit: have a sweet taste

Vegetables: Pronounced taste - can be sweet, salty, sore or bitter

colour

Fruit: color can be red, orange, yellow, green, purple, blue or black

Vegetables: Mostly colored green

meaning

Fruit: Rich in fiber, vitamin C and water

Vegetables: Provides fiber, vitamins, minerals and trace elements

reproduction

Fruit: Facilitate the sexual reproduction of plants by bearing seeds

Vegetables: Involved in vegetative reproduction

diploma

A fruit is the ripe ovary of a plant that contains seeds. A vegetable is an edible part of a plant. Both fruits and vegetables are high in fiber. Fruits also contain vitamin C and water. Vegetables are an important source of vitamins and other trace elements. The main difference between fruits and vegetables is the origin of each part of a plant.

Reference:

1. "Fruit: Definition, Types, Benefits, and Examples." Study.com, Available here .2. "Vegetables." ScienceDaily, available here .

Image courtesy:

1. "Culinary fruits front view" by No machine-readable author given. Ionutzmovie assumed-own work accepted (based on copyright claims) (CC BY 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia 2. “ Marketvegetables ” by Jasper Greek Golangco (copyrighted free use) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Lakna

Lakna, a graduate in molecular biology and biochemistry, is a molecular biologist and has a broad and strong interest in discovering things related to nature