Difference Between Federalism and Regionalism

The main difference between federalism and regionalism is that federalism is a system of government that combines central government with regional governments, while regionalism is a political ideology that puts the interest of the region over the interest of the nation as a whole.

Federalism and regionalism are two concepts that relate to politics. Both concepts relate to regional governments, their role and their relationship with central government. However, federalism is a system of government and many countries in the world follow this system. Regionalism, on the other hand, is a political ideology, not a form of government.

Key areas covered

1. What is federalism - definition, characteristics 2. What is regionalism - definition, characteristics 3. What is the difference between federalism and regionalism - comparison of the main differences

key terms

Federalism, regionalism, regional government

Difference between federalism and regionalism_comparative summary

What is federalism

Federalism is a system of government that combines a government (central government) with regional governments. Therefore, with this form of government, provincial, state, territorial or other sub-unit governments share power with a national government. The United States government operates on the principles of federalism. India, Australia, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Canada, and Germany are some other countries that follow the concept of federalism.

Key difference - federalism vs. regionalism

Figure 1: Federal states are marked in green, unitary states are marked in blue

The main feature of federalism is the separation of powers between the national government and other government units. This system of government differs from a confederation , in which the states clearly dominate, or from a unity government, in which the central authority is in power. In addition, federalism in the modern world is based on democratic rules.

The main concept of federalism is to avoid a strong central government that could lead to tyranny. Federalism is also a good system for integrating different nations and ethnic groups. There are different types of federalism, such as federal government interference. Cooperative federalism, on the other hand, is an arrangement in which the federal, state and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems.

What is regionalism?

Regionalism is a political ideology that gives priority to the local over the national and prefers a particular region to the metropolitan area. Regionalism can be the result of political divisions, cultural boundaries, language regions, religious geography, and leadership gaps. This ideology emphasizes the local, regional identity as well as the need for independent spatial planning and administrative freedom. In short, a region's regionalist policy focuses on that specific territory; Its aim is to align the national agenda with local (regional) interests and to give this region more autonomy.

Difference Between Federalism and Regionalism

Figure 2: Political Map of India

Regionalism has both positive and negative consequences. Regionalism can promote local culture and facilitate local development. It can also take into account those regions that have historically been considered across the national administration. However, regionalism can also weaken the sense of national identity in a country and create divisions within the citizens of the same country.

Difference Between Federalism and Regionalism

definition

Federalism is a system of government that combines a central government with regional governments, while regionalism is a political ideology that puts the interests of the region above the interests of the nation as a whole.

nature

While federalism is a system of government, regionalism is a political ideology.

diploma

In short, federalism is a system of government in which power is shared between a national government and various regional governments. In contrast, regionalism is a political ideology that gives priority to the local over the national and prefers a particular region to the metropolitan area. This is the main difference between federalism and regionalism.

Reference:

1. Viktor, Rotich. "What is regionalism?" World Atlas, May. 28, 2018, Available here .

Image courtesy:

1. "Map of the unitary and federal states" By Lokal_Profil (CC BY-SA 2.5) via Commons Wikimedia 2. "Medium-india-political-wall-map-vinyl-moi4781121786238-original-imaezawqex9x5dbb" By Imranism9 - Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.