Difference Between Class Consciousness and False Consciousness

The main difference between class consciousness and false consciousness is that class consciousness is awareness of one's social class and economic rank in the context of a larger society, while false awareness is a way of thinking that prevents an individual from realizing the true nature of his or her social or social class economic situation.

Class consciousness and false consciousness are two main concepts in Marxist theory of social class. These are basically two opposing concepts.

Key areas covered

1. What is class consciousness - definition, features 2. What is false consciousness - definition, features 3. What is the relationship between class consciousness and false consciousness - overview of the similarities 4. What is the difference between class consciousness and false consciousness - comparison of the most important differences

key terms

Class consciousness, false consciousness, Marxism Difference Between Class Consciousness and False Consciousness - Comparative Summary

What is class consciousness?

Class awareness is the awareness of one's own social / economic class in relation to others in society. In other words, they are the beliefs a person has about social class or economic rank in society in the context of the larger society.

Difference Between Class Consciousness and False Consciousness

Class consciousness is a key concept in Marx's conflict theory, which focuses on the competition for limited resources and the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie . The concept of class consciousness was developed in relation to his theory of how workers can overthrow capitalism and create a new system based on equality rather than inequality and exploitation. According to Marx, it is the awareness of one's own rank in society that can produce a revolution that would "create a dictatorship of the proletariat that transforms it from a wage-earning, dispossessed mass into the ruling class".

What is False Consciousness?

False consciousness is a concept that stems from Marxist social class theories. Although Carl Marx didn't actually use this term, this term is embedded in his theories. This term was first used by Friedrich Engels. False awareness refers to a state of mind that prevents a person from realizing the injustice of their current situation. In addition, Marxists use the term to describe the inability of people (typically the proletariat) to recognize oppression, injustice and exploitation that they face in a capitalist society. So this is actually the opposite of class consciousness.

Furthermore, according to Marxist theories, it is false consciousness that prevents workers or proletariats from rebelling against their oppressors. In a capitalist society, the ruling class or capitalists manipulate the working class through law, media, religion and other means and create the belief that capitalism is good for all. Because workers have values ​​and beliefs that benefit the ruling class, they are unaware of their dire situation. However, once they recognize their position and become class conscious, they have the power to unite as a class and revolt against the system.

Relationship between class consciousness and false consciousness

Class consciousness and false consciousness are basically opposing terms. In Marxist theory, workers actually live with false consciousness before developing class consciousness. Because of their false consciousness, they cannot see that they are being oppressed and exploited within capitalist society. Once they understand their common political and economic interests and recognize their unity as a class of workers and an inherent power in their numbers, they develop class consciousness. Only then will they gain the power to rebel against the system based on exploitation and inequality and create a new system based on equality.

Difference Between Class Consciousness and False Consciousness

definition

Class awareness is awareness of one's social class and economic rank in the context of a larger society, while false awareness is a mindset that prevents an individual from realizing the true nature of his or her social or economic situation.

Base

Class consciousness includes people who are aware of their social and economic situation in society, while false awareness affects people who do not realize their true social and economic situation in society.

Working class

According to Marxism, class conscious workers understand that they are being exploited, while those with false consciousness hold values ​​and beliefs that benefit the ruling class and do not understand that they are being exploited.

Concepts

In short, class consciousness and false consciousness are key concepts in Marxist social class theory. Class awareness is awareness of one's social class and economic rank in the context of larger society. In contrast, false awareness is a mindset that prevents an individual from realizing the true nature of their social or economic situation. So this is the main difference between class consciousness and false consciousness

Reference:

1. "Class Awareness". Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, October 13, 2019, available here . Crossman, Ashley. "Definition of class consciousness and false consciousness by Marx." ThoughtCo, ThoughtCo, July 25, 2019, available here . Little Daniel. “Personal Homepages.” False Awareness, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Available here .

Image courtesy:

1. "Pyramid of the Capitalist System" - Published by International Pub. Co., Cleveland, Ohio. - Uni Hamburg (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia

About the author: Hasa

Hasa holds a BA in English, French and Translation Studies. She is currently reading for a Masters in English. Her areas of interest include literature, language, linguistics and also food.